When Europe was still drowned in the darkness of illiteracy The Muslim Scientist were busy in the discovery of scientific and traditional values.
However, Europe is very powerful in science and technology throughout Muslims, but we can’t a denial of it that the basic founders of Science and technology were the Muslims. It was a time when the Muslims were known from their scientific inventions, ” IBN-E-SINA, ALJAZARI, MUHAMMAD IBN_E_MOOSA”. and many others invented those things which we are using now, but we don’t know about their inventors. A time came when we far from science. Infect when the Muslim Mughal king “SHAH JAHAN” was spending his money on Taj Mahal’s constructions then there was otherworld were spending their money on education and health.
First of all, we talk about “COFFEE”. There was an Arabian Shepherd who lives in ETHYOPIYA whose name was “KHALID” one day he was grazing his goats on the place of KAFFA. Then he realized that his goats are active and fast after eating a special Berri. He boiled these Berries and made the first “COFFEE” of the world. The Coffee Bens send to YAMAN from ETHYOPIYA where a Sufi Elder take Coffee at all night and then send this Coffee in the VENAS the city of ITALY in 1645. A Turkish person brought coffee in BARTANIA in 1650. and he opened a first coffee house in BARTANIA.
As we know Camera is the very necessary thing now a day, if we see the history of Camera then we know that the concept of the camera gives a Muslim Scientist whose name was “Ibn al-Haitham”. It’s also called pin holed camera. He felled that how the light can pass through in a little hole. as much as the little hole the picture will be perfect and according to this thing in his mind he invented the first kind of Camera it’s called “the pinhole camera” or “Camera of Square “. The camera is taken from an Arabian word “karma” which means the darkroom. and after some work on it take the first picture from it in 1816.
Now we talk about Shampoo the old Misar’s people used the soap but they were Arabian people who mixed vegetable oil with thiam oil and sodium hydro oxide and made shampoo. He was also a Muslim who introduced shampoo in barTania. he opened a saloon in 1759. this man take care the hair of British king Jorge and King William.
Now we talk about parachute this story is before the invention of Wright brother’s airplane. its story is also interesting. Approximately one thousand years before a famous Muslim scientist ABBAS IBN E FIRNAS tried to fly. In the year of 852, he climbed on a tower to wear a cloth which tie with wood that looked like a bird and he tried to fly like a bird after wearing it but after some time he couldn’t fly and fallen down and he was injured. In 875 when he was 70 years old he made a machine with the help of silk cloth and an Eagle’s wings now he flew from on a mountain on that time he flew 10 minutes and came down after 10 minutes but its landing was not good because he didn’t make a tail behind his machine. This is called the first parachute of history. Abbas Ibn Firnas is the first person of history who can fly. There was a figurine of ABBAS BIN FIRNAS on the Baghdad airport.
Ali Ibn Nafi introduced the modern style of eating food. he has also known the name of Zaryab he is the person who introduced soup in Iraq in the 9th century. he also invented the crystal glass.
The Muslims were very famous in the field of medicine. The surgical instruments which are used today like surgical instruments which were made by the Muslim surgeon Al Zahrawi in 10th century. He invented 200 surgical instruments. In the 13th century one, another Muslim surgeon Ibn Al Nafis discovered the revelation of blood in the body.
The modern style of math’s also introduced the Muslim mathematicians Al Khwarizmi and Al Kemi. The Algebra is based on the book of Al Khwarizmi. The numbering systems are matched with Indian writing but the styles of numbers introduced by these two mathematicians.
The base of the first Muslim university by a Muslim lady Fatima Al Fihri in the 9th century which gives a degree. Fatima was the daughter of a rich trader she worked on this university with the help of her sister Maryam. Fatima was the founder of the oldest Muslim university in the world which persists at this time.
The modern perfume was made by the Muslim chemist Al-Kindi. Al-Kindi was a mathematician, a philosopher and a chemist. there were hundreds of formulas of making fragrances oil in his book.
The invention of watch and clocks is also a Muslim. he is known as AL-Jazari he belongs to Turki and he is a great engineer of his time. Al Jazari also called the founder of automatic machines. he made many watches till 1206 these watches were different sizes and shapes. these watches used to know the correct time of prayer and azan.
Friends the main purpose of this article is that we can know about our great Muslim history as we know that our past is full of education and science. I write just few inventions of our Muslim scientists there are thousands of examples of Muslim history which shows our great Muslim history but I can’t tell you more due to time shortage. may Allah bless you all.